Under what conditions can I access to the Romanian labor market?
If you have been granted a form of protection in Romania, you have unrestricted access to the labor market, just like any Romanian citizen. Once you have been granted a form of protection: you can register as a job-seeker with the County Employment Agencies, you can enroll in vocational training courses, and you can prepare for job interviews / other practical assignments which may be required by the employer.
- How to become employed?
To become employed you need to find an employer, and sometimes to pass a basic knowledge of Romanian language test. Also, sometimes you may be asked to provide other documents such as a Curriculum Vitae (CV) or a medical certificate that you are medically fit for the job.
For the assignment in a certain position, it is advised to also submit to the employer your diplomas, equivalated by the Romanian state, attesting your level of study and specialization.
Employment will be made based on an Individual Labor Contract. The Individual Labor Contract:
- Is an agreement under which an individual called employee, undertakes to work for an employer (an individual or a legal entity) in exchange for an amount of money called salary.
- Is to be concluded in writing, in Romanian, if both sides (employer and employee) agree on it. The contract shall be signed in 2 original copies: one for you and one for the employer. Make sure you receive an original copy! The obligation to conclude the individual labor contract in a written form lies with the employer, before you start working as their employee.
- The contract gives you access to social protection measures and protects you from possible abuses from your employer.
- The employer must register the Contract in the General Registry of Employees (REVISAL), which is transmitted to the Territorial Employment Inspectorate. Registration must be performed before you start work.
Important to know!
- A contract signed only by you, and not signed and stamped by the employer has no legal value in Romania.
- Once properly signed, your Labor Contract can only be amended with your agreement.
- Any changes brought to your Labor Contract must be made in writing, in the form of an Addendum, and must be signed by the employer and you.
- Before signing the employment contract and / or an addendum to it, read it carefully and make sure that you understand the terms and conditions. If something is not clear enough, ask the employer. You can also ask the organizations providing support for foreigners to help you if something is not clear.
- Work without legal documentation, or black-market labor
If you have not signed an individual labor contract and you are getting paid directly and without having a document signed, such as a payroll (a document that proves you are receiving a salary) – you are an illegal worker.
What are the risks in being an illegal worker?
If you are working without a registered Labor Contract:
- You will not benefit from social protection measures, both while you are working and after your labor relationship ends, and you cannot file legal action against your employer if they violate your rights.
- Your employer can pay you less than minimum wage and less than they should pay you considering your qualifications and working time.
- You will have no set date for receiving your monthly pay, and you may not be paid at all for months.
- You will have no clear working hours.
- You will not be provided with work equipment, and/or with protection equipment.
- You will not be able to take your annual leave, you will not be entitled to unemployment benefit, you will not be entitled to disability pension in case of a labor accident and you will not be entitled to sick pay or free hospitalization if needed.
- You will not accumulate the length of service required for retirement/pension.
- You can become a victim of trafficking in human beings for labor exploitation, etc.
Authorities in charge:
- County Employment Agencies
- Territorial Labor Inspectorates